Many of your child’s daily activities—like getting dressed, eating, and writing—require control of small muscles in the hands. We call these skills fine motor skills. Your child can do more things for himself when he has opportunities to practice these skills. There are lots of activities that can increase muscle strength and coordination, preparing children for more advanced skills, from writing with a pencil, using a computer mouse, or playing a musical instrument. Help your child build fine motor skills at home by providing opportunities to...
Source: Adapted from "Getting a Grip on Things: Building Fine Motor Skills,” Message in a Backpack, 2010, Teaching Young Children 3 (5): 26–28.
For more information /www.naeyc.org/our-work/for-families
1 cup water
1 tbsp vegetable oil
1/2 cup salt
1 tbsp cream of tartar
1 cup flour
Combine water, oil, and food coloring in a large saucepan over medium heat until all ingredients come to a boil.
Mix all dry ingredients: flour, salt, and cream of tartar in a bowl.
Pour all wet ingredients into bowl of dry ingredients and mix with spoon until playdough sticks together and forms a ball.
Place ball of playdough on a plate to cool.
After cool enough to touch knead until smooth.
Store in an air tight container.
Note: you can add any kind of extracts like apple to wet ingredients to make your playdough smell or glitter to the dry ingredients to make it sparkle.
Tips for exploring playdough
Child Development Skills
Social and Emotional-by sharing and taking turns using props, cooperating to make something together, and feelings proud of their accomplishments.
Language and Literacy-by rolling a long snake then forming letters, telling you about what they are making, and discussing new words, such as cut, chop, and slice.
Fine motor- by using hands, fingers, and tools to pound, push, poke, shape, flatten, roll, cut, and scape, the dough
By: Reading Rockets
Most parents recognize the value of reading to a child. Books are a terrific way to share the joys of reading: interesting words, beautiful illustrations, and the keys to unlocking the mysteries of letters, sounds, and words. Recently, several researchers published work that helps us understand that very simple, small actions during reading can have a big impact on what a child takes away from sharing a book with an adult.
It turns out that young children being read to almost always focus on the illustrations. And when they're not enjoying the pictures, they are looking up at the adult reader. The child's eyes almost never look at the print on the page, yet that's where children can learn the most about letters, sounds, and words. To get the most out of a shared reading, encourage your child to appreciate the pictures, and also guide their attention to printed words. Doing so may help your child's reading, spelling, and comprehension skills down the road.
To help direct your child's attention to the print in a book, parents can focus on specific parts of it, including:
Parents play such an important role in growing a reader. Keeping up with information like this is a great way to make sure you are doing as much as you can to nurture all the right skills in your child.
The research and specific examples described here come from the original research, which can be found here:
Piasta, S. B., Justice, L. M., McGinty, A. S., & Kaderavek, J. N. (2012). Increasing young children's contact with print during shared reading: Longitudinal effects on literacy achievement. Child Development, 83(3), 810–820.
For more information visit www.readingrockets.org